Al-Idah http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah <p>Al-Idah is an International peer reviewed, Open Access,HEC approved “Y” category, bi-annual research journal. Its domain is Islamic Studies&amp; theology and we encourage submissions related to the contemporary challenges by the Muslim Ummah. Our focus lies in the spreading of true progressive moderate and adoptive picture of Islam that embraces diversity and difference. The essence of Islam lies in peace and tolerance.</p> <p>More specifically, Al- Idah takes&nbsp;regular submissions from academic professionals and&nbsp;researchers&nbsp;belongs toUloom e Quran,Hadith and Rules of Hadith, Seerat e Nabvi,&nbsp; Jurisprudence, Islamic History, Comparative Jurisprudence, Comparative Study of Religion,, Anti Extremism, Social Sciences and&nbsp;related disciplines.</p> <p>With this aim the articles may be addressed to any related issues – social, economic, political, technological, theological- falling in the domain of theology and Islam. Our mission is to create awareness and spread the authentic teachings of Islam. Today Al-Idah is the luminary in the research world due to the acumen of its valued contributors and their high- quality research parameters that make it what it is.</p> en-US al_idah@uop.edu.pk (Editor) al_idah@uop.edu.pk (Assistant Editor) Wed, 14 Jul 2021 00:00:00 -0400 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Concept of Concealment and its Effects on the Society in the light of Sunnah (A Subjective Study) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/721 <pre style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';">This research includes a selection of Hadiths from the Prophet’s Sunnah dealing with concealment (of disadvantages), the concept of concealment, how Islam preserves man’s honor, and is the forerunner in spreading virtue in the Muslim community. The research details the merits of those who conceal (disadvantages) for their Muslim brothers and their implications. </span></pre> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rafat Mansi Mohammad Nassar Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/721 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Islamic Punishments and Its role in the Establishment of Social Justice http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/687 <p>Islamic law/ <em>Shari'ah</em> has come to establish social justice, achieve public security in societies, and preserve the five necessities and the general interests of the nation. Allah Almighty <em>(Subhanawataala)</em> has prescribed <em>Shari'ah</em> penalties , the punishment for perpetrators of crimes that contravene the commands and prohibitions of Allah Almighty. Thus security, safety, reassurance and&nbsp; stability prevail in the State. The establishment of these punishments will also be a deterrent to the perpetrators from repeating such crimes again , and a lesson &nbsp;to the general public that these fair penalties take away chaos and corruption. thus achieving public security and preventing destruction and devastation in Islamic societies.</p> Safiullah Wakeel Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/687 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Theological Intercession according to Christians (An Analytical Study) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/641 <p>This research is about the doctrine of the theological intercession of Christians whereby the meaning of mediation has been referred to and prayers have been requested to help those in need. The historical context of the theological intercession is thus explained beginning from primitive people through pagans to Jews and Christians. The conditions of the intercession of atonement were agreed upon from the necessity of believing in the righteousness of Christ, the giving of his blood, and the connection with the permanence of life, to gain his intercession, Then these types of theological intercession were mentioned as the Catholics, Protestants, and their respective denominations agreed on the penitential intercession, Protestants rejected the other intercessions proven by the Catholics, the intercession of the Holy Spirit, the saints, and the angels. These intercessions were evaluated by the Christians themselves later from Islāmic perspective too. Among the most prominent errors: Defective understanding of theological intercession, the creation of unconfirmed intercessions of Christ, and their contradiction to the concept of monotheism are discussed here in this article.</p> Mohammed Mustafa Al-Jadi Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/641 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 The Relationship Between the People of the Book and Muslims in the Bible and the Holy Quran http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/710 <p>The research discusses an important issue of real life, namely the relationship between the people of the Book and Muslims. Since the people of the Book represent an important segment in our contemporary real life, it becomes necessary to identify texts of the two books (Qur'an - Bible) regarding the relationship with each other. This shall enable the reader to understand the teachings of these books and the relationship that each book commands. The title of the research (the relationship between the people of the Book and Muslims in the Bible, the Holy Quran and the Holy Year) has two main ideas: the relationship of the people of the Book to Muslims in the light of the texts of the Bible and the relationship of the people of the Book to Muslims in the light of the texts of the Holy Quran and Sunnah.</p> Emad El-Din Abdallah El- Shanti Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/710 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 The Impact of Media on Faith in our Contemporary Reality http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/663 <p>This research tackles media and its impact in the light of Quran and Sunnah. It explores the independence&nbsp;of Islamic media and its impact on Muslim faith. It, also reveals the bad pictures that offend Islam and its values through focusing on the objectives of contemporary media channels. The research suggests some treatment and solutions to the problem.</p> <p>Allah is the Arbiter of Success</p> Naseem Shahdaa Ismail Yaseen Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/663 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Temporal Structure in the Novel “The Killer of Hamza (Qaatil Hamza)” by Najeeb Gillani http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/515 <p>Temporal Structure is an essential element of the narrative works as well as a component of narratives. It has become a prominent issue in literary criticism in 20<sup>th</sup> century. Because time structure plays an enormously important role in the construction of story/novel, the other elements of the novel/story cannot be viewed without temporal space. It is temporal space/structure on which the events of the story are based and rhythm, flow and continuity of the story can be maintained by temporal space. Events cannot exist out of the temporal structure of the story.</p> <p>This study deals with the temporal structure and its role in the novel “Killer of Hamza” by Najeeb Gillani and attempts to reveal the method of constructing time in the novel by standing on temporal order and temporal paradoxes both types of retrieval and anticipation, as well as the structure of the rhythm of time such as the technique of speeding narration with its movements (The dialogue scene, the descriptive position) and the frequency of the three types (solitary, repetitive, author).&nbsp; In addition, the study concludes the discussion based on the findings.</p> Robina Naz, Yaqoob Khan Marwat Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/515 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 A Comparative Study of the Words of Common Meanings In the Quran & Sunnah and their Effects on the Shariah Texts http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/718 <p>This research paper provides a general overview of the rationalization/interpretation of Shari’s texts in Islamic jurisprudence as words may have multiple meanings that has led to different interpretations between the Companions and later jurists. Therefore, the scholars feel the need to determine the appropriate meaning so they categorized the words into Nas, Muffaser, Muhkam, Mutashbih and Muawwal etc. The purpose of this categorization is to deduce a single definite meaning from these commonly used words. So the eminent researchers have discussed tawil, importance, conditions, various types and examples of retionlaziton in latter portions of the study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Syed Janan Orakzai, Mubarak Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/718 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Historical background of Polygamy and its significance in Modern World (Research study in the light of comparative religion and historical evidences) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/716 <p>Polygamy is not introduced by Islam and neither does it promote sexuality. There are evidences that favour polygamy in different religions and nations before Islam, many Prophets have acceded to this. Judisum, Chraistianity and Islam: the three major religions permit polygamy, although the polygamy before Islam was based on injustice. Islam permits polygamy in a natural way and therefore frames rules and regulations for polygamy. More than four wives are not allowed simultaneously for a Muslim man. Justice and equality between wives is the primary condition for polygamy in Islam. It seems to resolve many social issues like women are more numerous than men hence it curbs moral licentiousness/adultery incidents in any society. This article deals with polygamy and its significance in any given society</p> Hafiz Muhammad Sani, Abida Shams, Bakht Shaid Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/716 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Minorities Rights in Islamic Laws and United Nations Convention of Minorties (A Comparative Study) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/565 <p>Islam seeks to establish such a society where all citizens of the state enjoy equal rights and religion does not become the basis for any discrimination. Islamic law holds both Muslims and non-Muslims equal and no superiority or privilege is given to the Muslims on any ground. It is the fundamental&nbsp;principle of Islamic law that it enjoins the similar rights and duties on both Muslim and non-Muslimcitizens without any discrimination. Islam ordains people to worship Allah Almighty but it does not coerce followers of&nbsp;other religions to accept Islam and change their creed. The United Nations recognize that minority rights are essential to protect those who wish to preserve and develop values and practices which they share with other members of their community. The United Nations has gradually developed a number of norms, procedures and mechanisms concerned with minority issues, and the 1992 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities was approved as the fundamental instrument that guides&nbsp; nations twrods minrties rights. In this article the effort were mad to compare the UN charter of minority rights. The comparative and analytical research methodology was adopted in this research. It is perceived from the study that the UN charter and Islamic law has some similarities about minority rights because it seems basic teachings of this charter of Minorities has been driven from Islamic Law. It is recommended that laws are good but there is need to improve and set practical actions to ensure minorities rights in member countries.</p> Muhammad Muddasar, Riaz Ahmad Saeed Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/565 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 The Islamic and Legal Status of Tormented Archaeological Monuments in the Contemporary Perspective http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/349 <p>Archeology deals with the common inheritance of human beings. Among those historical antiques, these are such records which remind us of those nations who were condemned due to their disobedience to Divine instructions. The purpose of preserving such sites as per Divine Scheme, was to make them lessons for the upcoming generations. More recently such trends have emerged where these sites have been made places of recreation. As a reaction to this trend, another approach within religious thought has emerged that instructs for complete elimination of such sites in order to discourage tourist activities at such places. This article takes a moderate path and tries to highlight the real teachings of Islam about such sites.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Ibrahim, Abdul Saboor, Muhammad Ikram Ullah Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/349 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Pakistani Society’s Problems, Causes and Solutions (An Overview in the Teachings of Islam) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/748 <p><em>This article deals with the analysis of social problems of Pakistan and suggests their solutions in the light of Islam. The system needs fundamental changes at multiple levels. Politically democratic system needs to be strengthened. Overall our political system, governance, institutional processes and administrative structure see a change in the context of self-improvement. But to what extent are all parties ready for this change and what do they want to do on their own to make the existing flaws in the state system an improvement? Self-analysis and a strong motivation is required to bring this sea-change to bring it in cognizance of the true spirit of Islam.</em></p> Farhat Aziz, Syed Naeem Badshah Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/748 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 The Islamic Fine Arts in the Period of Jahangir (An Analytical Study) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/747 <p>The sub-continent has been the hub of Muslim civilization and culture for centuries. Its impact may still be seen on today's civilization. The distinct Islamic arts especially of the Mughal dynasty ruled for more than three hundred years from Babur to Alamgir. The policies of the Mughal Empire have remained the same in almost every era. Gardens, architecture, madrassas, mosques, trade, archery, literature, music, painting and other arts have reached such heights and perfection that the world still appreciates them. Following in the footsteps of his forefathers, Jahangir played an important role in the Indian civilization and fine arts, his literary taste was exemplary. The purpose of this article is to review the work on fine arts in the time of Jahangir.</p> Munazza Hayat, Sobia Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/747 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Hadith: “There is Hesitation in Everything Except in the Actions of the Next World” (An Analytical Exposition) http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/674 <p>This study aims to assess the Hadith: “There is hesitation in everything except in the actions of the next world.” After picking the said Hadith from its original source, its isnaad and graded along with its transmission. The fundamental contemporary challenge is the eagerness for matters of this life and disregard of matters of the Afterlife. This hadith teaches us that happiness and success are contrary to such an approach. Rather, happiness can only occur with hesitation towards matters of this life and ambition and hastiness towards matters of the Afterlife.</p> Muhammad Bin Maher Bin Muhammad El Mathloum, Ahmad Idrees Rasheed Owda Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/674 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 A Critical Study of G. H. A Juynboll's Methodology in the Study of Hadith http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/724 <p>This article analyzes methodology of an Orientalist, G. H. A Juynboll in Hadīth. He is one of those western scholars who has focused on the second primary source of Islamic Law and has developed skeptical theories related to its authenticity and provenance. He relied on early scholars' theories in this discipline and supported their thesis with a bulk of arguments from the early Classical Islamic Sources. A follow-up of his methodology reveals some scientific methodological errors in his studies on Hadīth that led him to a false conclusion. This study discusses the loopholes in his methodology and supports every point with illustrative examples from his works, revealing that Juynboll followed a selective method in his studies and reached his desired/concocted conclusion.</p> Alam khan Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/724 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Ethics of Business Advertisement http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/719 <p>In the proliferation and spread of Islam, the part of the financial manager and busninessmen has stayed extremely huge. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) was a celebrated and legit Arab busninessman, and his high-height colleagues were considered among the conspicuous and effective Arab financial specialists. Numerous sacred rewards have been said in support of authentic and genuine trade in the Holy Prophet's sayings (conventions). Today the manipulation of consumers through advertisement has also become a routine practice. Therefore, it is essential for the businessmen while advertising to maintain the rules and principles set for it by <em>Shariāh</em>&nbsp; to promote their business and fulfil the rights of the consumers. Advertising of items and services, in itself is not prohibited in Islam because its purpose is to keep the masses aware and to provide them with related information. This paper aims to study the ethics of business from the practical aspect of Prophet’s life (PBUH).</p> Farhad ullah, Hafız Fazle Omer Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/719 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Qualification of Ijtihad: Opinions of the Former Scholars http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/536 <p>Allah Al-Mighty send the human beings in this universe with a complete code of guidance in the form of the Qur’┐n and Sunnah of the Prophet (╗AWS). Both these sources guide different fields of life principally. The commandments of the Qur’┐n and Sunnah are unchangeable. No one can ignore them, but the problems of life are endless. And solution of all these problems cannot be presented in a single book. So, the Shar┘‘ah has introduced the principle of ijtih┐d to resolve all these issues.&nbsp; Ijtih┐d is not to create something new in religion rather it is to tell the point of view of religion about the newly born problems. But it should also be kept in mind that to perform Ijtih┐d there are certain terms and conditions, which if not fulfilled will spoil the concept of ijtih┐d. These terms and conditions have been discussed and modified time to time. The former Scholars of Isl┐m have a detailed discussion on this topic. The Scholars of present era also have focused this topic and have presented its requirements in the current era but in this paper, the opinions of former scholars are going to be discussed in detail. The opinions of the scholars of present era will be presented in the other paper.</p> Sajila Kausar Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/536 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 History of Jirga Laws in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa - Do Islamic Law and Jirga Laws had the same Historical Jurisprudential Approach? http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/592 <p><em>Jirga</em>, a historical legal antique has been an informal adjudication of <em>Pakhtūns.</em> In the present research endeavor conventional <em>Jirga</em> and its various facets had been critically examined from Sharī’ah perspective i.e. whether such <em>Jirga</em> and its procedure is based on Islamic law or not. <em>Jarga </em>bears a very close resemblance in terms of structure and procedure with <em>Qad̝ā</em> and Taḥkīm. Jirga has been simple with no binding implementation. Since 18<sup>th</sup> century and on-wards, Jirga has evolved into an informal institution of dispute resolution. The criterion for <em>Jirga-Mārān, and Qād̝ī </em>or <em>Ḥākim, </em>astonishingly, have been identical. Besides the free consent, justice dispenser (<em>Jarga-Mār/Qād̝ī or</em> <em>Ḥākim</em>) was supposed not be relative or party (himself) in the matter at all. The <em>fuqahā, </em>both classical and contemporary, have discussed the intermediation through Jirga. This study focuses on compliance and non-compliance of <em>Jirga</em> to <em>Qad̝ā</em>.</p> Lutfullah Saqib, Rasheed Ahmad Faizy Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/592 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Al-Ghazali And Hume On Natural Causal Necessity And Miracles http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/702 <p>This paper argues that Al-Ghazali and Hume arrived at similar conclusion rejecting natural causality as a logical necessity; however, they provide very different premises for this conclusion. Moreover, Hume’s rejection of the natural causal necessity leads him to religious skepticism; whereas, Al-Ghazali’s rejection of natural causal necessity leads him to have a strong faith in God and Miracles. The paper discusses the problem of causation in their philosophies focusing on the issues such as: causation as habit; uniformity in the natural order; causation is a mere a sequence of observed things; whether causal relation is ontological or epistemological; issue of miracles and diverse possibilities. Furthermore, the paper also focuses on the issue of Occasionalism and free will with special reference to Al-Ghazali and Hume.</p> Syed Jawad Ali Shah, Shuja Ahmad Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/702 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Analysis Of Access To Information And Legal Rights And Effectiveness Of Drc http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/742 <p>The present study aims to analyze the respondent’s perception regarding dispute resolution council’s effectiveness in rural areas of district Mardan-Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP)-Pakistan. The main objective of the research is to measure the association between awareness regarding DRC and legal rights and DRC effectiveness in the study area. Awareness regarding DRC and legal rights helps illiterate persons to a greater extent than the literate ones . The study suggests policy interventions for government to take part in the creation of awareness among general masses regarding the positive features of DRC. Up-gradation of DRC as an institute with professional, cultural knowledge and skills is required with an integrated drive for effectiveness of DRC through coordination with different stakeholders like community, police, district/tehsil administration, DRC members and locally elected representative etc.</p> Muhammad Asad Jan, Bushra Hassan Jan Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Idah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.al-idah.pk/index.php/al-idah/article/view/742 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 -0400