Taxes in Islam and Islamic civilization from an Islamic perspective

  • Syed Raza Shah Gilani Assistant Professor, (Law) Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan,. Pakistan
  • Muhammad Haroon Khan Deputy Registrar & Assistant Professor Department of Shariah & Law, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Ali Mohammed Al-Matrooshi Colonel in Dubai Police General Department of Human Rights Dubai
Keywords: Taxation in Islam, Zakat, Khumas and Ushr×


In accordance with what is necessary for the common good, the State has the right and the ability to impose responsibilities and organise obligations on persons within its borders. A tax is one of the most significant compulsory duties placed on individuals by the state. To impose mandatory levies on persons or corporations by governments was the definition of taxation. Almost every nation collects some form of taxation, usually from its citizens, to fund governmental operations and services. The tax is collected for the benefit of the State Treasury by forcibly deducting a portion of individual income. To meet these commitments, governments impose taxes on their citizens as a means of raising revenue to fund essential services and advance the nation's economic, social, and political agendas.

How to Cite
Syed Raza Shah Gilani, Muhammad Haroon Khan and Ali Mohammed Al-Matrooshi 2023. Taxes in Islam and Islamic civilization from an Islamic perspective. Al-Idah . 41, - 2 (Dec. 2023), 23 - 34. DOI: